Virtually everybody is aware of the development communities. However there are additionally individuals who create residing house with out wanting to own it. However how do various options work within the battle in opposition to housing shortages?
By Jenni Rieger, SWR
The three-year-old boy freezes within the swing, his little sister throws blocks. Father and mom put together dinner within the kitchen, the twelve 12 months outdated is in violin classes. New idyll. However onerous fought.
"We searched for a very long time and we couldn't afford the rents, however here's a house away from house," says Mona Haas. At house, these are 5 rooms on the third ground of a brand new constructing. View of the Freiburg cathedral, Kita on the bottom ground, the practice station not far-off.
And all for six.70 euros per sq. meter. Within the neighboring home dealing with the sq. meter prices ten euros. The distinction? The brand new Haas household house is a undertaking of the Housing Housing consortium. "The distinction with a traditional investor or metropolis home is that we don't have a revenue motive, there isn't a return and nobody earns a golden nostril."
The concept fascinates with its simplicity: many individuals come collectively. Everybody invests as a lot as he can or needs. Moreover, there are small direct loans, state subsidies and financial institution loans. The home serves as safety - whether it is standing. "Essentially the most exhausting second from an emotional perspective was definitely the development part," stated Haas.
"Till the home stood up, we had virtually nothing in hand, no safety." In the meantime, nevertheless, there are three union homes within the Freiburg district of Gutleutmatten. Collectively they kind the "3HouseProjekt", which hosts a complete of 150 folks. Though lots of them have deliberate homes and run them on their very own, they reside right here as tenants. Property? Doesn't exist
"The homes belong to themselves"
However who owns the homes? "The homes belong to themselves". They're organized as a GmbH with altering CEOs. Rental earnings serves very long-term loans - and if the home ought to finally be repaid? Then we have now assets to resume, for social initiatives or to help new properties of the true property consortium, "Haas stated." For the great of the frequent good ".
Widespread good, a key phrase. In union, however maybe additionally due to the overall downside of the home. Consultants like sociologist Gerd Kuhn have lengthy seen a threatening imbalance: "The steadiness between house as a social good and a useful resource has been misplaced". We are able to speak about a market failure, a failure of the coverage and it's pressing to revive this steadiness ".
"To ensure that this to achieve success, the social points of building should return to the fore," says Kuhn. This consists of socially oriented city planning, which not solely has revenue in thoughts when assigning constructing land, but in addition takes into consideration different questions, resembling the kind of housing that many social teams use specifically.
The location on which the Haas household house is situated has additionally been opened to the general public. Nonetheless, the contract was not awarded to the very best bidder, however to the offerer with one of the best social idea: the "3HousesProjekt" of the Mietshäusersyndikats.
142 objects all through Germany
142 objects all through Germany belong to the union. One of many first classes can also be in Friborg: SUSI, the unbiased self-organized settlement initiative. 4 former buildings of the barracks, painted in colour, amongst massive aircraft bushes, lawns, playgrounds. In case you stroll on the positioning, you may see instantly: the thought of the tenants' union is a really leftist thought.
Almost 300 folks reside right here, all college students or with a residence allow, as a result of the residing house on SUSI is socially supported. Due to this funding and lots of initiatives, SUSI is ready to cut back rents to simply 5.50 per sq. meter.
Anybody who strikes here's a co-owner and determines the destiny of SUSI, however solely so long as he lives right here. There aren't any properties that may be bought or inherited. This creates an accessible residing house for a vast time frame, which can be utilized by a lot of folks.
It's an concept that has been fairly prevalent in left-wing circles to date. Nonetheless, it's slowly coming into wider strata of society. And maybe it is also a key component in fixing the present housing scarcity, says biologist Kuhn. "The query is: how can we save the most affordable residing house for generations, and the unions are a technique to preserve the self-determined life at a really affordable and on the identical time not a long-term speculative hire".
However is life within the union actually for the lots? As a result of even this type of life has its value and this implies: dedication. In the lounge of Mona Haas the big wood desk is extracted. About ten neighbors got here, younger, outdated, a wheelchair person together with his companion. Residents sit frequently, resolve what to resume, who's allowed to maneuver and whether or not they need to improve the hire by themselves. This prices time and nerves.
Mona Haas is aware of that not everybody can or needs to do it. "I don't assume the union mannequin is the answer to the housing downside, it definitely wants numerous options, and you need to strive so much to have the ability to raise such a home, however for me it's my house".